Tuesday, 26 January 2016

WHO on obesity



The Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity (ECHO) presented its final report to the WHO Director-General today, to address the alarming levels of childhood obesity and overweight globally.

 Some alarming facts


Overweight prevalence among children aged under 5 years has risen between 1990 and 2014, from 4.8% to 6.1%, with numbers of affected children rising from 31 million to 41 million during that time. The number of overweight children in lower middle-income countries has more than doubled over that period, from 7.5 million to 15.5 million. 

In 2014, almost half (48%) of all overweight and obese children aged under 5 lived in Asia and one-quarter (25%) in Africa. The number of overweight children aged under 5 in Africa has nearly doubled since 1990 (5.4 million to 10.3 million).

The ECHO Report has 6 main recommendations for governments

A graphic showing a carrot and an apple.

Promote intake of healthy foods

Implement comprehensive programmes that promote the intake of healthy foods and reduce the intake of unhealthy foods and sugar-sweetened beverages by children and adolescents (through, for example, effective taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages and curbing the marketing of unhealthy foods).
A graphic showing a football.

Promote physical activity

Implement comprehensive programmes that promote physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors in children and adolescents.
Preconception and pregnancy care.

Preconception and pregnancy care

Integrate and strengthen guidance for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) with current guidance on preconception and antenatal care (to reduce risk of childhood obesity by preventing low or high birth weight, prematurity and other complications in pregnancy).
A graphic showing a woman preparing food.

Early childhood diet and physical activity

Provide guidance on, and support for, healthy diet, sleep and physical activity in early childhood and promote healthy habits and ensure children grow appropriately and develop healthy habits(by promoting breastfeeding; limiting consumption of foods high in fat, sugar and salt; ensuring availability of healthy foods and physical activity in the early child care settings).
A graphic showing a school building.

Health, nutrition and physical activity for school-age children

Implement comprehensive programmes that promote healthy school environments, health and nutrition literacy and physical activity among school-age children and adolescents (by establishing standards for school meals; eliminating the sale of unhealthy foods and drinks and; including health and nutrition and quality physical education in the core curriculum);
A graphic showing scales for weighing a person.

Weight management

Provide family-based, multi component, lifestyle weight management services for children and young people who are obese.

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